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Food and drink 飲食

See also Restaurant and Kitchenware.

Phrases

bon appétit! 食飯  sIk6 fan6    Lit. eat rice

Verbs

drink yAm2 [mnemonic] I'm drinking... yum!
eat sIk6 [mnemonic] I ate so much, I got sick.

How you feel

full飽  bau2
hungry肚餓  tou5 o3
thirsty 口渴 hAu2 hok3

How's the food

burned lUng1
cold dUng3
cooked sUk5
delicious好食 hou2 sIk6   Lit. good to eat
fresh生鮮 sAn1 sin1
gone bad 變壞 bin3 wai6
good dzen3
hot yit6
makes me salivate, just seeing it 見到都流口水 gin3 dou2 dou1 lAu4 hou2 söü2
raw san1
smells good hœng1
tasty好味 hou2 mei6
warm lün5

Types of Food

vegetarian 素食
素菜
sou3 sIk6
sou3 tsoi3
   to be vegetarian 食齋  sIk6 dzai1 (also used for Buddhists)

Drinks

alcohol 酒(精) dzAu2 (dzIng1)
alcoholic beverage  酒類 
beer啤酒 be1 dzAu2 (MW: glass 杯 bui1, bottle dzön1)
caffeine 咖啡因 ga3 fe1 yAn1
coffee咖啡 ga3 fe1 (MW: cup bui1)
hot chocolate yit6 dzü1 gu1 lIk1
juice dzAp1 (MW: glass 杯 bui1, bottle dzön1)
milk lai5 (MW: glass 杯 bui1)
milkshake奶昔 lai5 sIk1
soy milk豆漿 dAu6 dzœng1 (MW: glass 杯 bui1)
water söü2 (MW: glass 杯 bui1)
wine (pou4 tou4) dzAu2
  red wine hUng4 dzAu2
  white wine bat6 dzAu2

Teas

tea tsa4 (MW: cup bui1) [mnemonic] chai tea
black tea (the older the better)
   Lapsang Souchong 正山小種 dzIng3 san1 siu2 dzon2
(bright reddish-orange with a distinctive and assertive smoky, camp fire flavour, from the Fujian province in China, withered over cypress or pine wood fires, aged in in wooden barrels and hung in bamboo baskets over smoky pine)
   Pu'er tea* 普洱茶 bou2 lei2 tsa4 (often pressed into brick shape, made in Yunnan province)
   Pu'er and camomile* 菊普 gUk1 bou2
camomile tea gUk1 fa1 tsa4
fennel tea wui4 hœng1 tsa4
ginger tea gœng1 tsa4
green tea* 綠茶 lUk6 tsa4 (baked immediately after picking, new or fresh tea is better)
   dragon well tea* 龍井 lUng4 dzen2 (produced in Longjing village near the West Lake, Hangzhou, Zhejiang)
herbal tea lœng4 tsa4 (usually medicinal)
jasmine tea 茉莉
kava kava tea
lavender tea
lemon tea 檸茶 lIng4 (mUng1) tsa4
Oolong tea* 烏龍茶 wu1 lUng2 tsa4    Lit. dark dragon
(an excellent combination of the freshness of green tea and the fragrance of black tea, it is grown on cliffs)
red tea 紅茶 (semi-fermented)
   Tieguanyin tea* 鐵觀音茶 tit3 gun2 yAm1 tsa4 (produced in Anxi County, Fujian)
Sau Mei tea* 壽眉 sAu6 mei2 (bitter flavour)
sweet herb tea m5 fa1 tsa4    Lit. five flowers tea
tea with cream/milk  奶茶
tea leaves 茶葉

* These teas are the most commonly available in a Cantonese tea house.

Soft Drinks

pop/soda/soft drink  汽水 hei3 söü2
cola/coke 可樂 ho2 lok6
   Coca-Cola 可口可樂  ho2 hAu2 ho2 lok6
   lemon Coke 檸樂
   Pepsi 百事(可樂)  bat3 si6 (ho2 lok6)
Fanta 芬達 fAn1 dat6 (similar to Orange Crush)
7 Up 七喜 tsAt1 hei2
Sprite 雪碧 süt3 bIk1

Meals

breakfast
dinner/supper man6 fan6
lunch an3 fan4
   have lunch sIk6 an3
dim sum dim2 sAm1
salad sa1 löt5
soup ton1 (MW: bowl wun2) [mnemonic] wonton soup
sushi sAu6 si1
pizza pi1 sa2 (MW: slice fai3)

Fruit

fruit生果 san1 go2
apple蘋果 pIng4 go2 [mnemonic] playing table tennis with an apple, it goes ping-gaw, not ping pong!
apricot hAn6
banana香蕉 hœng1 dziu1 [mnemonic] the hung Jew has a big "banana"
blueberry lam4 mui2    Lit. blue berry
cantaloupe 哈蜜瓜 ha1 mAt6 gwa1
cherry 車厘子 tse1 lei4 dzi2
coconut椰子 ye4 dzi2
durian榴蓮 lAu4 lin4
fig無花果 mou4 fa1 go2
grapefruit 西柚 sAi1 yAu2
grapes提子 tAi4 dzi2
guava 番石榴 fan1 sek6 lAu2
honeydew melon 蜜瓜 mAt6 gwa1
kiwi奇異果 kei4 yi6 go2
lemon 檸檬 lIng4 mUng1
lime 青檸 tsen1 lIng4
longan龍眼 lUng4 an5
lychee荔枝 lAi6 dzi1
mango杧果 mon1 go2
melon gwa1
orange tsan2 [mnemonic] Pat sang with an orange in her mouth
papaya木瓜 mUk6 gwa1
peach tou2
pear lei5 [mnemonic] lay down pear slices on the pie
persimmon tsi2
pineapple菠蘿 bo1 lo4
plum lei5
raspberry hUng4 mui2    Lit. red berry
starfruit 楊桃 yœng4 tou2
strawberry士多啤厘 si6 do1 be1 lei2
tangerine gAm1
watermelon 西瓜 sAi1 gwa1

Vegetables

vegetable so1 tsoi3
asparagus lou6 sön2
beans dAu2
bok choy bat6 tsoi3    Lit. white vegetable
broccoli sAi1 lan4 fa1
cabbage ye4 tsoi3
carrot hUng4 lo4 bat6
cauliflower ye4 tsoi3 fa1
celery sAi1 kAn2
corn sUk1 mAi5 (MW: cob tiu4)
cucumber tsen1 gwa1    Lit. green cucumber
eggplant Ai2 gwa1    Lit. short gourd
green onion tsUng1
lettuce san1 tsoi3
mushroom
   white button   mo4 gu1
   dried shiitake   dUng1 gu1
   black fungus mUk6 yi5    Lit. wood ear
olive gam3 lan2
onion yœng4 tsUng1
peas dAu2
potato 4 dzAi2
pumpkin lam4 gwa1    Lit. southern gourd
seaweed hoi2 dai3    Lit. sea ribbon
dzi2 tsoi3 (Japanese nori)    Lit. purple vegetable
snow peas ho4 lan1 dAu2    Lit. Dutch (Holland) peas
spinach bo1 tsoi3
sweet potato fan12    Lit. barbarian potato
tomato fan1 ke2 [mnemonic] these tomatoes are funky!
turnip
yam fan12    Lit. barbarian potato
zucchini siu2 wu4 gwa1    Lit. small barbarian gourd

Rice and grains

rice fan6 (MW: bowl wun2) [mnemonic] growing rice on your farm
   fried rice tsau2 fan6
bread min6 bau1 (MW: slice fai3, loaf tiu4, bun go3)
flour min6 fAn2 [mnemonic] flour is the fun ingredient in noodles!
noodles min6 [mnemonic] mean noodles attacked her
   fried noodles tsau2 min6
   instant noodles dzIk1 sIk6 min6   Lit. immediately-eat noodles
   rice noodles lai6 fAn2 ; tsœng2 fAn2
steamed bun bau1

Meat, nuts and protein

meat yUk6 [mnemonic] you killed the animal
almonds lAn6 yAn4
beef
cashews yiu1 go2
chicken gAi1 yUk6
duck
egg dan2 (MW: dzek3)
nuts go2 yAn4
peanuts fa1 sAn1
pork dzü1 yUk6
tofu豆腐 dAu6 fu6
turkey
walnuts hAp6 tou4

Seafood

fish 2 (MW: tiu4)
calamari魷魚 yAu42
eel man6
lobster龍蝦 lUng4 ha1 (MW: dzek3)
salmon 三文魚 sam1 mAn42 (MW: tiu4)
shrimp ha1
tentacles (calamari) yAu44 sou1
tuna吞拿魚 tAn1 la42

Sweets

sugar ton4 [mnemonic] pour sugar on your tongue
cake dan2 gou1
chocolate dzü1 gu1 lIk1
honey mAt6 ton4

Dairy

butter Au4 yAu4
cheese dzi1 si2
cream lai5 yAu4
ice cream süt3 gou1
margarine dzIk6 mAt6 yAu4
yoghurt sün1 lai5

Spices, oils and sauces

garlic sün3 tAu4 (MW: head go3, clove 粒 lAp1)
ginger gœng1
ketchup ke2 dzAp1
mustard
MSG mei6 dzIng1
oil yAu4
   olive oil gam1 lam5 yAu4
oyster sauce hou4 yAu4
pepper wu4 dziu1 fAn2
salt yim4

Places

kitchen
supermarket tsiu1 si5
restaurant tsan1 ten1
dzAu2 lAu4 (Chinese)

Ways of Cooking

bake gUk6
bake by slow fire wui1
barbecue siu1 hau1
boil gwAn2
braise pa4
deep fry dza3
fry, sauté  dzin1
grill siu1
marinate lou5
microwave mei4 bo1 lou4
roast hau1
simmer mAn1
smoked fAn1
steam dzIng1
stew hUng4 siu1
stir fry tsau2

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